Local histories are available for New Jersey counties. Following the revocation of the Edict of Nantes by Louis XIV in 1685, Huguenots settled widely throughout the colony. Finally, a ransom note was located and traced to Bruno Hauptmann; the bill had the license plate number of Hauptmann's Dodge Saloon that was written down by a gas attendant. You may also be interested in the following research guides. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. " It described extraterrestrial monsters that were causing much destruction. et des millions de livres en … CafePress brings your passions to life with the perfect item for every occasion. Retrouvez Jonathan Israel: Institute for Advanced Study, Age of Enlightenment, Princeton Township, New Jersey, Historians. Newark's rapid growth began in the early 19th century, much of it due to a Massachusetts transplant named Seth Boyden. The Quaker population was especially intolerant of slavery, and the state was a major part of the Underground Railroad. The Delaware and Raritan canal ran from New Brunswick, New Jersey, on the Raritan River, to Bordentown, New Jersey, on the Delaware River. 1. Some owned slaves or had indentured servants work for them. During the war, Naval Weapons Station Earle in Monmouth County was opened for naval production and provided ships with a safe port to take on ammunition. Historians are intrigued by the New Jersey burials for two reasons: for underscoring that slavery reached beyond the southern states that fought against the North, and also because the rarity of slaves being allowed to buy land may soften the harsh reputation of New Jersey slave owners. Born in New Jersey, the young Mickey Gubitosi won a role in MGM's Our Gang series at the age of 5. Newark. New Jersey is a very modern state that is chock-full of history. Philip Carteret.. The Swedish and Finnish colonists generally lived in peace with their Dutch and Lenape neighbors. Date of experience: September 2016. On December 18, 1787, New Jersey became the third state to ratify the United States Constitution, and on November 20, 1789, New Jersey became the first state in the Nation to ratify the United States Bill of Rights. In September 1664, a British fleet under Nicolls' command sailed into what is now New York Harbor and seized the colony. This was not enough to stave off 317 Dutch soldiers the next year, however. Greason, Walter D. "Suburban Erasure: How the Suburbs Ended the Civil Rights Movement in New Jersey" (Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2013) 221 pp. With chair Carin Berkowitz (New Jersey Council for the Humanities) and panelists John R. Dichtl (American Association for State and Local History), Peter J. Burkholder (Fairleigh Dickinson Univ., Florham), and Robert B. Townsend (American Academy of Arts and … Princeton became the temporary capital for the nation for four months. Paleo Indians were hunter-gatherers, hunting game and gathering plants for eating.  Thousands of former slaves—both from rural New Jersey and the South—migrated to shore communities like Red Bank, Long Branch, and Asbury Park during the last decades of the nineteenth century, creating sizable, stable communities that persisted over the next century. Because of its high silk production, it became nicknamed the "Silk City". See why the state's reputation as the "Crossroads of the American Revolution" is well deserved.  Philip Kearny, an officer from the Mexican–American War, led a brigade of New Jersey regiments under Brigadier General William B. Franklin. Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, containing anthrax bacteria were mailed to several news media offices and two US Senators, Article Seven of the United States Constitution, "A Brief History of New Sweden in America", http://colonialswedes.net/History/History.html, Surrender from the Proprietors of East and West New Jersey, of Their Pretended Right of Government to Her Majesty, "Historical Overview- Where's the Garden? The Battles of Trenton and Princeton are collectively referred to as the Ten Crucial Days because these desperately needed victories bolstered the morale of the nation. Because of its strategic location on the East Coast, New Jersey played an important role in the United States' Cold War defense. Richard Lewis Actor | Robin Hood: Men in Tights Richard Philip Lewis was born on June 29, 1947 in Brooklyn, New York and raised in Englewood, New Jersey. Federal Writers' Project, Works Progress Administration. However, the line was constantly the subject of disputes. They have staff historians, researchers, planners, architectural historians, architects, engineers, and archaeologists all on hand to respond to more than 40,000 calls yearly from people working to preserve, protect and promote New Jersey’s historic resources. Peter Stuyvesant surrendered to the English without a fight. This review is the subjective … New Netherland west of the Hudson River was renamed New Jersey after the English Channel Island of Jersey which Charles II of England, after having seen their loyalty to the crown, gave to the people of Jersey as a gift having given him hospitality in the castle of Mont Orgueil before he was proclaimed king in 1649. Later, the Continental army slipped past Cornwallis's stalled army and launched an attack on British soldiers stationed at Princeton in the Battle of Princeton on January 3, 1777. Locomotion was also improved; Hoboken-born inventor John Stevens built a 10-ton locomotive and his son Robert L. Stevens started constructing iron railroads. In 1938, Orson Welles produced The War of the Worlds radio broadcast. After recapturing Trenton, he ordered charges on fortified defenses at Assunpink Creek. Come check out our giant selection of T-Shirts, Mugs, Tote Bags, Stickers and More. Around the year 1000, a Native American group known as the Lenape, later called Delaware Indians, settled in New Jersey. Five major battles were fought at Trenton, Princeton, Monmouth, Union and Springfield. Boyden's genius led to Newark's manufacturing nearly 90% of the nation's leather by 1870, bringing in $8.6 million in revenue to the city in that year alone. A mysterious granite block carved with what appears to be a royal figure has attracted the attention of New Jersey locals and historians. They moved as soon as game or plants became scarce. With the 1676 Quintipartite Deed more accurate surveys and maps were made resulting in the Thornton Line, drawn around 1696, and the Lawrence Line, drawn around 1743, which was adopted as the final line for legal purposes. Lord Cornbury was an ineffective and corrupt ruler, taking bribes and speculating on land, so in 1708 he was recalled to England. New Jersey has continued its record of inventions. The city of New Amsterdam was renamed New York (after the Duke of York). By 1833, The Camden & Amboy Railroad had been completed, allowing a 7-hour passage between Philadelphia and New York City. He also is credited with improving the designs of the incandescent light bulb, radio, the telegraph, and the telephone. He was tried in Flemington, New Jersey in what was known as the "Trial of the Century", and was convicted. Historians have unearthed new evidence that, because of a strange loophole in New Jersey's state constitution, more than 100 women voted before 1807. In 1824… In 1609, Sir Henry Hudson sailing for the Dutch East India Company, explored the East Coast including the Delaware, Raritan, Newark, New York bays and the Hudson Valley. 2 (1992): 159–193. The new constitution also provided a bill of rights. New Jersey, constituent state of the U.S. One of the original 13 states, it is bounded by New York to the north and northeast, the Atlantic Ocean to the east and south, and Delaware and Pennsylvania to the west. Extracts from American newspapers v. 1 1776-1777 -- v. 2 1778 -- v. 3 1779 -- v. 4 Nov. 1, 1779-Sept. 30, 1780 -- v. 5 Obtober, 1780-July 1782. Retrieved December 17, 2005. We note that the median annual salary of historians in state of New Jersey ranges from $68,340 to $75,160. The colonial history of New Jersey started after Henry Hudson sailed through Newark Bay in 1609. The incidents occurred during a deadly heat wave and polio epidemic in the Northeastern United States that drove thousands of people to the seaside resorts of the Jersey Shore. It offers green spaces, beaches, wildlife and outdoor recreation, all alongside historic structures and cultural landscapes. New Jersey had no Lieutenant Governor position at the time, leaving a vacancy in the office. In the summer of 1967, urban residents, primarily African Americans, rioted for five days in Newark and the neighboring city of Plainfield. Many women took jobs in factories during their husbands' absences. The Lenape formed loosely organized groups who at first migrated seasonally. Leagues-> NHL-> New Jersey Devils. ", Historical Census Browser, 1860 US Census, University of Virginia, "World War II Time Line: New Jersey and the World", "Progress toward Equal Educational Opportunity for Urban Students in New Jersey", "THE ELLIS ISLAND VERDICT: THE RULING; High Court Gives New Jersey Most of Ellis Island", Federal Writers' Project, Works Progress Administration. Some New Jersey maps years have cities, railroads, P.O. New Jersey was one of the original thirteen colonies that joined in the struggle for independence from Great Britain. The constitution provided suffrage only to white males, removing it from all women and from people of other races. Although it was announced in advance that it was a radio play, the broadcast resulted in widespread panic into New Jersey and the surrounding areas. The Motivation for Founding the New Jersey Colony . In this sense, any history is useful. The last was on the east bank of the Delaware River, the site of the first European settlement in what would become New Jersey. Traces of their Algonquian language survive in many place-names throughout the state.. In 1524 the Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano was the first European to reach New Jersey.  Both political parties in elections mocked the other for relying on "petticoat electors" for allowing women to vote. Former Governor James E. McGreevey resigned on November 15, 2004 after charges of pay-to-play and extortion scandals involving the impropriety of the appointment of an unqualified long rumored homosexual love interest. Kearny distinguished himself as a brilliant officer during the Peninsula Campaign, and was promoted to the position of major general. Morris County Biorgraphy Bibliography(WorldCat) 3. 15 Historic Towns In New Jersey That Will Transport You To The Past. One of the most important figures in New Jersey's economic development was Thomas Alva Edison, who established a pioneering research and development enterprise, where the light bulb, sound recordings, motion pictures, commercial electric service and other innovations were invented or improved. World famous Centerville & Southwestern miniature railroad train rides given as part of site tour. Most historical maps of New Jersey were published in atlases and spans over 350 years of growth for the state.. The Standard Oil Company of New Jersey was a large integrated oil producing, transporting, refining, and marketing organization, founded by Henry H. Rogers, William Rockefeller, and John D. Rockefeller. It was called "America's First Defense Airport" because it was opened as a gunnery training area for fighter pilots. The first Swedish Lutheran minister to arrive in 1643, John Campanius, apparently described the luxurious growth of tobacco by Swedes between Raccoon Creek and Mantua Creek (Bridgeport) as mentioned in "Early History" in, Munroe, 24. The airfield, currently known as McGuire Air Force Base, was opened in 1937 as Rudd Field, a supporting Army airfield for Fort Dix. African-American Cemeteries Online: New Jersey; African American Griots - Griots are traditional historians, storytellers, and musicians. Strikes also grew common during the Great Depression; in 1937 a group of gravediggers from New Jersey went on strike. "State Legislative Parties in the Jacksonian Era: New Jersey 1829–1844,", Prince, Carl E. "Patronage and a Party Machine: New Jersey Democratic-Republican Activists, 1801–1816,", This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 17:05. We count among our staff historians, researchers, planners, architectural historians, architects, engineers, & archaeologists. He served as a member of the Revolutionary Assembly before joining the Continental Congress thirteen days … Since New Jersey was ideally located next to the Atlantic Ocean, colonists farmed, fished, and traded by sea. While approaching a mooring mast at Lakehurst, the zeppelin suddenly caught fire, and within 34 seconds the entire hydrogen-filled zeppelin was engulfed in flames; 36 people died in the disaster, most of them leaping from the burning ship. The 1860 Census found just over 25,000 free African Americans in the state.  At least one online source asserts that some 600 colonists settled in New Sweden; it is unclear from that source how many were in New Sweden at any one point in time.). Between 1611 and 1614, three Dutchmen, A. In 1911, the United States Supreme Court ordered the dissolution of the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey, viewing it as violating the Sherman Antitrust Act. On July 2, 1776, the first Constitution of New Jersey was drafted, creating a basic framework for the state government. They describe the settlement of the area and the founding of churches, schools, and businesses.  From 1701 to 1765, New Jersey's border with New York was in dispute, resulting in a series of skirmishes and raids. The New Jersey legislature passed an act for the gradual abolition of slavery in 1804, providing that no person born after that date would be a slave. Central New Jersey's Burlington County has some of the richest black history of any county in the state. (U.S. Lifesaving Service Heritage Association) This article originally appeared on NJ Spotlight. Seventy-one stores were damaged and 46 people were injured. However, the meeting helped improve the strained relationships between the Soviet Union and the US. Small trading colonies sprang up where the present towns of Hoboken and Jersey City are located. Some important components of the second State Constitution include the separation of the powers of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. You can also find lists of pioneers, soldiers, and civil officials. Hockey achieved the feat at … Newark's breweries reopened almost immediately. On June 23, 1780, the British attacked soldiers under the command of Nathanael Greene. The second version of the New Jersey State Constitution was written in 1844. After the war, many of these companies and plants shifted to chemicals, making New Jersey one of the world's leading chemical producers. In addition to these, air defense radar sites, bases for interceptor aircraft, anti-aircraft gun batteries, surface-to-air missile sites, and command and control facilities were constructed to defend against an attack by long range, nuclear-armed aircraft of the Soviet Air Force. Art House Productions has announced their first audio play, Black Tom Island by … (See Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal). Some historians say that Hopkinson, and not Betsy Ross, was the designer of the U.S. Published histories of towns, counties, and states usually contain accounts of families. General Charles Lee led the American attack on the British rear but retreated prematurely when the British attempted to flank the Americans. The proprietors appointed Philip Carteret as the first governor of New Jersey, who designated Elizabethtown as the colony's capital. Seriously, go listen to it and try not to get excited when you hear familiar names coming through your headphones (Weehawken, Monmouth, the wonderful line … Ask conrailenola about Phillipsburg Railroad Historians.  After capturing the colony, Nicolls became deputy-governor of New Amsterdam and the rest of New Netherland, and guaranteed colonists' property rights, laws of inheritance, and the enjoyment of religious freedom. Edison worked in Menlo Park, and was known as "the Wizard of Menlo Park" for his many inventions; over the course of his life, he was granted 1,093 patents. , In 1973, the New Jersey Supreme Court ordered the legislature to pass a statute funding schools more equitably for impoverished areas. For an excellent bibliography of local histories for New Jersey, refer to: Since 1979 some New Jersey counties and municipalities have had officially appointed historians. In addition, Seabrook Farms took advantage of Japanese-American labor to increase productivity when the government allowed small groups of people from the internment camps to work there. This sale divided the province into East Jersey and West Jersey. New Jersey has provided this dialogue in their recent revision of state standards and alignment to the C3 Framework and the Common Core. New Jersey was then ruled by the governors of New York, but this infuriated the settlers of New Jersey, who accused those governors of favoritism to New York. The historians often are the only ones with some of the records for their areas. Search historians in the AHA Directory Online. The Coast Guard station at what is now Sandy Hook Gateway Park was manned for the duration of the war to protect New York harbor. Fort Dix was reopened for the training of soldiers for the war effort. General Greene successfully stopped a two-pronged attack from entrenchments held across the Raritan River, preventing the British invasion. New Jersey became the last state in the Northeast to free slaves as it had more slaves than any other Northern state. They also gathered nuts in the autumn such as acorns, hickory nuts, walnuts, butternuts, beech nuts and chestnuts. At the time it was the territory of the Unami, or Turtle Clan. Advancing its mission to raise awareness of the state’s unique historical legacy and chronicle its ongoing impact on the nation and world, the New Jersey Historical Commission board today approved $2.4 million in Fiscal Year 2020 (FY 20) grant funding to 72 historical organizations, museums, historic sites, archives, libraries, individuals, and county re-grant agencies across the state  Nearly 500,000 residents enlisted for the war, more than 10% of the total population of New Jersey. But certain kinds of state, county, and local histories, especially older histories published between 1845 and 1945, often include biographical sketches of prominent individuals. By 1790, the county had the largest free black population in all of New Jersey, partially due to the large presence of Quakers who spoke out against enslavement and advocated emancipation. NEW-JERSEY HISTORIANS.  In the 1960s New Jersey became the site of several race riots and of the Glassboro Summit Conference (1967), between American President Lyndon B. Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin. 2 years ago | 1 view. Follow him on Twitter @BrianDeakyne . This page has been viewed 6,542 times (0 via redirect). In the Paterson riot, twenty stores and other buildings were damaged, and eight people were injured. The New Jersey Historical Commission‘s website provides a list of those historians. Many bridges and tunnels were built for the ease of interstate traveling. McClellan was later elected governor, serving from 1878 to 1881. Many of the colonists of New Jersey became farmers. Documents Relating to the Revolutionary History of the State of New Jersey . Several Allied ships were sunk off the New Jersey coast. Camp Kilmer helped to serve troops by offering medical care and providing supplies. Trenton, New Jersey : John L. Murphy Pub. This action prevented the river from being easily taken by the English and Dutch, who were also trying to expand into the New World. Historians have unearthed new evidence that, because of a strange loophole in New Jersey's state constitution, more than 100 women voted before 1807. Display of railroad memorabilia and artifacts included. Between July 1 and July 12, 1916 a series of shark attacks occurred along the Jersey Shore in which four swimmers were killed and another severely injured. Join us for “The Public and the Historical Enterprise: What Do They Know? See our website … Sourland Mountain, a once-isolated region in New Jersey, has long inspired tall tales. Some of those copies are available at the Family History Library in Salt Lak… Although Hudson was British, he worked for the Netherlands, so he claimed the land for the Dutch. Later, some of the tribe moved on to join with the Cherokees and Osages, west of the Mississippi. The State's official list of names of locales, areas and municipalities in New Jersey. They manufactured many necessities, including clothing and war materials like ammunition. A few days later, British General Charles Cornwallis hoped to engage Washington's army at Trenton after Washington recrossed the Delaware River, resulting in the Second Battle of Trenton. Baron von Knyphausen, the Hessian general, hoped to invade New Jersey and expected support from colonists of New Jersey who were tired of the war. That’s long before … Historians involved in the 1949-50 conference included William Ellis, Jack Lamping, S. K. Stevens, Julian Boyd, Earle Newton (editor of American Heritage and director of the Vermont Historical Society), Roger H. McDonough (New Jersey State Librarian), and there is correspondence documenting these attendees.  Fort Dix, in Pemberton Township, New Jersey, was also constructed in 1917 to help in the war effort. Salem was founded by John Fenwick, a Quaker. One of his famous sayings was, "Genius is one percent inspiration and 99% perspiration", as his efforts consisted of research and testing. The next European settlement was on the banks of the Upper New York Bay across the Hudson from Fort Amsterdam (in Manhattan) in 1630. The United States Research "History" page cites nationwide bibliographies of local histories which include histories of New Jersey. By 1974, the missile sites were deactivated. Open spring and summer weekends on select dates by the Phillipsburg Railroad Historians. The newly opened port quickly made the docks of Brooklyn, Lower Manhattan and Hoboken obsolete. In honor of Black History Month, we've highlighted some must-see sites in … Co., 1901-1917. The first permanent Huguenot settlement in New Jersey was made at Hackensack in 1677, with a second at Princeton a few years later. Led by Printz, the settlement extended north from Fort Christina on both sides of the Delaware River. Welles and the other broadcasters were not punished by law, but were held under a brief informal "house arrest" for a short period. Standard Oil Company was split into 34 smaller companies as a result of the dissolution. Jagr gets the mark with a three-goal game in a 5-2 win over the Philadelphia Flyers.At 42 years, 322 days old, Jagr is more than a year older than Gordie Howe.Mr. Historians are used to being very specific in the statements they make, but documentarians will ask broader questions that cause you to draw on your expertise in different ways – for example, when Pollard asked me to speculate about the FBI campaign against the Black Panthers and how it related to King. In 1524, Giovanni da Verrazzano, sailing in the service of France, explored the Jersey Coast including Sandy Hook and The Narrows, now the site of the bridge which bears his name. Later James granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River that would become New Jersey to two friends who had been loyal to him through the English Civil War: Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton. Transportation was slow and difficult usually on either foot or horseback. Many people had believed the bulletin to be real, causing them to flee the New Jersey area or to blockade their homes to ensure safety from the reported monsters. By; Jon Hurdle, NJ Spotlight ; December 27, 2019. New Jersey Historians Average wages per hour and average annual salary figures for New Jersey Historians . NEW YORK (AP) — Pulitzer-Prize winners Garry Wills, Ron Chernow, Jon Meacham and Stacy Schiff are among hundreds of historians who have signed an open letter calling for President Donald The famous inventor Thomas Edison was born in 1847. WOMEN'S SUFFRAGE IN NEW JERSEY Historians of gender have accepted the political historians' account of the brief period of female voting in New Jersey as anomalous. The British take-over in 1664 was formalized in 1674, ending the province of the New Netherland, though the North Jersey would retain a "Dutch" character for many years to come. The people of New Jersey also cast their electoral votes for George B. McClellan when he ran for President against Abraham Lincoln in the election of 1864. Philip Kearny, an officer who led a cavalry unit, followed General Winfield Scott and fought in the Battle of Contreras and Battle of Churubusco. Streissguth, Thomas (2002). A world of historical discovery awaits visitors in New Jersey. Gunners in the fort prevented German submarines from entering New York Harbor. Edward Hyde, Lord Cornbury became the first governor of the colony as a royal colony. Jon Corzine was elected Governor of New Jersey on November 8, 2005, and took office on January 17, 2006. During the 1960s, many African Americans felt disenfranchised, feelings exacerbated by poor urban conditions, declining industrial jobs, and biased police forces with little minority representation. From those Revolutionary Days to recent times, New Jersey has played a prominent role in our nation's history. 1804- 1. The attacks caused 2,986 deaths, including about 700 residents of New Jersey. The Jersey Shore became extremely popular as an attraction. New Jersey. Furthermore the "Market Revolution" was well underway, as industrialization and upgraded transportation networks made the larger picture more important than the local economy, and entrepreneurs and politicians became leaders in speeding up the changes. However, New Jersey eventually funded publications in the early 1850s of accurate agriculture-related surveys through the effort of George Hammell Cook. Questions and controversy surround the accident to this day: theories for the sudden burst of flames include sabotage against the German Nazis, static build-up, and flammable fabric. Washington hoped to surprise and overwhelm the rear of the British army. This Historical New Jersey Map Collection are from original copies. Underneath the constitution, the people had the right to elect the governor. However, despite the fertility of the soil, farmers were forced to struggle due to the dearth of English money. Over 1,500 pilots were trained for advanced aircraft fighting at this airport. The state became a component of the Underground Railroad. Many contain biographical information about individuals who lived in the area, including: Some of the most valuable sources for family history research are local histories.  New Jersey at first refused to ratify the Constitutional Amendment banning slavery. Old Historical Atlas Maps of New Jersey. … The New York Times Archives. The Founding of Morris County, New Jersey 2. “Stop by … As a result, people who had never been farther than the outskirts of their hometown now could travel around the state. Brian Deakyne may be reached at email@example.com . But that power didn't last. Fleet under Nicolls ' command sailed into what is now New York Harbor had fully mobilize all. Colony as a gunnery training area for fighter pilots on strike causing much destruction we have calculated average. Went on strike many new jersey historians, including about 700 residents of New Jersey was one of Delaware... September 1664, James, the port of New York the Big City with... May also be interested in the world to containerize due to the air in... State Constitution was written in 1844 Hudson was British, he ordered charges on fortified defenses at Creek. 1975 but failed to fund it 13, 1964, similar riots occurred Jersey... 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