Sometime before October 10, 2007, Government House (the Governor's Mansion) in Annapolis ceased to display the cross bottony at the top of the flag pole, but the flags at the State House continue to do so (adhering to Maryland General Provisions Code § 7-202 & 7-203 (2016)). All other state government buildings, including public schools, obey this guideline, but many private individuals and businesses do not. Adopted: March 9, 1904 Maryland Flag Design: The Calvert colors are described as gold and black, and the Crossland colors as red and silver, but in heraldry gold is depicted with yellow and silver with white. During the colonial period, only the gold (yellow) and black Calvert arms were associated with Maryland. The … At first, only the gold and black Calvert arms were associated with Maryland, being reintroduced in 1854. In 1945, a gold cross bottony was made the official ornament for a flagstaff carrying the Maryland flag. image by Steve Kramer, 16 March 1999 and Tomislav Todorovic, 29 April 2017. Following Lincoln's election in 1861, red and white "secession colors" appeared on everything from yarn stockings and cravats to children's clothing. It consists of the escutcheon (heraldic shield) of his father George, 1st Baron Baltimore (1579–1632), with the charges and fields from his coat of arms quartered with those of his grandmother, heiress of the Crossland family in the Kingdom of England. the escutcheon of the State seal.". The crown is a tribute to Queen Anne, who … By the civil war, the most common design representing all of Maryland consisted of the seal of Maryland on a blue background. Maryland Flag History. 16 Francis St. Annapolis, MD 21401 ~ Phone Number: 410-974-5521 ~ FAX Number: 410-974-5190 The seal created pursuant to this act contained several inaccuracies, and in 1876 the General Assembly provided for a new great seal that conformed closely to the Calvert original. The word "bottony" is spelled several ways; the version used here conforms to the 1945 law that made the cross bottony the official ornament for a flagstaff carrying the Maryland flag. The Calvert family coat of arms was reintroduced in Maryland in an 1854 law that called for a new great seal based on the Calvert design.  After the war, Marylanders who had fought on either side of the conflict returned to their state in need of reconciliation. Maryland stayed with the union during the Civil War, but it was a border state with split loyalties. End zone at Cole Field House at the University of Maryland, Maryland Terrapins soccer jersey with flag design on sleeve, Governor Larry Hogan wearing a flag mask during the COVID-19 pandemic, Flag waving during a Baltimore Ravens game, Governor Larry Hogan (right) and former Baltimore mayor Catherine Pugh (2nd from left) wearing state flag apparel, Section 7-202 of the General Provisions Article of the Annotated Code of Maryland provides: Our flag was created from symbols significant to a proud city settled in 1649: The white background of the flag was the militia flag selected by Sir Francis Nicholson, the royal governor who made Annapolis the capital of Maryland. Prior to independence in 1776, there was no official Maryland flag, but it appears flags generally used Lord Calvert’s colors with the alternating vertical bars of black and gold with a diagonal line in which the colors were reversed, probably something like the flag on the right. (c) The second and third quarters are quartered argent (white) and gules (red), a Various banners were used to represent the state, although none was adopted officially as a state flag. (Fig. 4.05 - When a Maryland facility is located in another state, the flag of the host state may be flown on an adjacent staff of equal height. George Calvert, first Lord Baltimore, adopted a coat of arms that included a shield with alternating quadrants featuring the … Note that you may need to adjust printer settings for the best results since flags come in varying dimensions. #157847186 - A woman and hygienic mask with Maryland flag pattern in her hand.. The Fifth Regiment's new regimental color was not the only example of former Confederates perpetuating and thereby popularizing the use of the red-and-white Crossland colors and the cross bottony design. The red and yellow colors in the Maryland flag should conform to the following Pantone Matching System colors: Maryland is the only state in the union that has a specific guideline not only on how to display the flag but on what the flagpole should look like as well. (black), and a bend dexter (right diagonal band) counterchanged so that they consist  It is worth noting that pre-1876 the Maryland seal did not include the current Maryland flag on it. The design of the flag The Maryland colony was founded by The 2nd Baron Baltimore (1605–1675), which was granted to him as the son and heir of The 1st Baron Baltimore by King Charles I, hence the use of his banner of arms as the flag. Maryland’s flag is one of the only U.S. flags that does not contain the color blue. The banner of arms of the Barons Baltimore, the present flag is a quartered field with the arms of The 1st Baron Baltimore in the canton (1st quarter) and the lower fly (4th quarter), with the arms of Alicia Crossland in the upper fly and lower hoist (2nd and 3rd quarters). During the Civil War, 1861-1865, the red and white family banner of the Crossland family … The Calvert family was the colonial proprietors of the state. Calvert was the family name of the Lords Baltimore who founded Maryland, and their colors of gold and black appear in the first and fourth quarters of the flag. Maryland had remained loyal to the U.S. despite a large proportion of the citizenry's support for the Confederacy, especially in the central city of Baltimore, the counties of the southern part of the state, and the Eastern Shore of the Chesapeake Bay. The Maryland flag has been described as the perfect state flag, bold colors, interesting patterns, and correct heraldry, a flag that fairly shouts "Maryland". Despite the antiquity of its design, the Maryland flag is of post-Civil War origin. Maryland State Flag The Maryland flag contains the family crest of the Calvert and Crossland families. As officers and soldiers returned home after the war to resume their peacetime occupations, the greatest challenge facing the country was reconciliation. Maryland Flag Face Mask - Filter option - 2 & 3 layer options with Nose Wire 100% Cotton USA face mask with filter pocket State flag ArtworkByKevin. , In 2001, a survey conducted by the North American Vexillological Association placed Maryland's flag fourth best in design quality out of the 72 flags of the Provinces of Canada, the U.S. states, and the territories of the United States. These blue banners were flown at least until the late 1890s." Pins in the cross bottony shape were worn on uniforms, and the headquarters flag of the Maryland-born Confederate general Bradley T. Johnson was a red cross bottony on a white field. The monument on Culp's Hill at the Gettysburg Battlefield commemorating the Second Maryland Infantry, CSA, carries a cross bottony on each face, and the Maryland Line Confederate Soldiers' Home, established in Pikesville in 1888, featured a large cross bottony on service badges and on invitations to events sponsored. cross bottony counterchanged so that they consist of a quartered field of white and red, Annapolis, the state capital, lies on Chesapeake Bay, roughly equidistant from Baltimore (north) and Washington, D.C. (west). The flag’s design came from a shield of coat of arms of the Calvert family.  The present flag is symbolic of the reunion of all the citizens in the state and is represented through the colors of the flag.  It was flown again on October 25, 1888, at the Gettysburg Battlefield during ceremonies dedicating monuments to the Maryland regiments of the Army of the Potomac by reorganized regiments of the former state militia, now the Maryland National Guard. Called the "Maryland colors" or "Baltimore colors," these yellow-and-black banners lacked official sanction of the General Assembly, but appear to have quickly become popular with the public as a unique and readily identifiable symbol of Maryland and its long history. , The red and white cross bottony counterchanged had gained popularity during the American Civil War. The Maryland State Flag History of the Maryland Flag. By the end of the Civil War, therefore, both the yellow-and-black Calvert arms and the red-and-white colors and bottony cross design of the Crossland arms were clearly identified with Maryland, although they represented opposing sides in the conflict. The passage of time had gradually diminished the passions of former Rebels and Yankees, permitting them to work together once again. In 1904 the General Assembly affirmed the popular support shown for a banner composed of alternating Calvert and Crossland quadrants by declaring it the State flag. The shield combines yellow and black of the paternal family and red and white of the maternal side. charged with a Greek cross that has arms terminating in trefoils and opposite coloring From shop ArtworkByKevin. The Maryland flag should be flown from the second position of honor, or from the flagpole on the right as normally viewed by the observer. Maryland Flag … The colors symbolically represented what had happened to the Fifth Regiment itself in the quarter century since the Civil War. 99 $20.99 $20.99. A rather busy flag, but at least nominally heraldically correct. History. 6) Figure 6. The Calvert and Crossland arms and banner, and the Maryland flag itself, have been adapted for use in various ways across the state. comes from the shield in the coat of arms of the Calvert family, the colonial proprietors of Maryland. 4.6 out of 5 stars 82.  Upon the death of George, Lord Baltimore, in April 1632, the right to bear the arms and banner passed to his eldest son Cecil, 2nd Baron Baltimore, to whom the Province of Maryland was granted that same year. It was George Calvert, first Lord Baltimore, and his family, who were the colonial proprietors of Maryland. The red-and-white Crossland arms gained popularity in quite a different way. In 1945, the Maryland General Assembly made a gold cross bottony the official ornament for the top of any flagpole carrying the state flag. These blue banners were flown at least until the late 1890s. I’d never seen so … The Maryland flag, flown on a staff properly ornamented with a gold cross bottony, is therefore much more than a symbol of state sovereignty. As one of the original 13 colonies, Maryland is represented by a star on the 13 star U.S. flag. According to the laws of heraldry, the personal banner of the Lords Baltimore, who were the proprietary owners of Maryland, was by extension that of the territory they ruled.  The black and gold bend dexter counterchanged of the Barons Baltimore was used in the flags and devices and pinned on the uniforms of Union Army regiments in the Army of the Potomac. Maryland began as an English colony in 1634 by Cecil Calvert who was known as the second Lord Baltimore, his father being the first Lord Baltimore. MD Flag Tack Pin Click for More Info Price: $3.50. Calvert was the family name of the Lords Baltimore who founded Maryland, and their colors of gold and black appear in the first and fourth quarters of the flag. The Maryland Flag, adopted in October 1880, 15 years after the Civil War When I moved to Maryland, I was actually blown away by seeing the flag everywhere. It finished behind the flags of New Mexico, Texas and Quebec respectively.. The new regimental color adopted in 1889, combining the traditional yellow-and-black "Maryland colors" with the red-and-white "secession colors" in the form of a bottony cross, must have seemed especially appropriate to members of the Fifth. By the Civil War, the most common Maryland flag design probably consisted of the great seal of the state on a blue background.  It is not known the exact specifications of these banners. Also known: In 1945 the General Assembly mandated that a gold cross bottony—that Maryland Confederate symbol—is the only ornament that can be mounted above the state flag. Steve Kramer, 16 Mar 1999 Probably because the yellow-and-black "Maryland colors" were popularly identified with a state which, reluctantly or not, remained in the Union, Marylanders who sympathized with the South adopted the red-and-white of the Crossland arms as their colors. The adoption of this new flag by the Fifth Regiment helped popularize the design. Alone of the 13 original states, Maryland has a state flag based on a flag flown under British rule. Anley Fly Breeze 3x5 Foot Maryland State Polyester Flag - Vivid Color and Fade Proof - Canvas Header and Double Stitched - Maryland MD Flags with Brass Grommets 3 X 5 Ft. 4.7 out of 5 stars 859. In the first and fourth, black and gold (yes, it’s gold, not yellow) stripes alternate, and a diagonal stripe of opposite colors cuts down the middle. The design of the Maryland state flag is steeped in Maryland history. Now the colors they had fought under had come together as well, symbolically representing through this new flag the reunion of all the state's citizens. so that red is on the white quarters and white is on the red quarters, as represented on A printable PDF version of the flag is also available. Maryland's flag bears the arms of the Calvert and Crossland families. In the black and gold quarters of the flag is the arms of The 1st Baron Baltimore, a former Secretary of State, granted as a reward for his storming a fortification during a battle. Flag of Baltimore County, Maryland. Eight years later, in October 1888, a large flag with the alternating Calvert and Crossland colors was carried by Maryland National Guard troops escorting Governor Elihu E. Jackson at the dedication ceremonies for the Maryland monument at the Gettysburg Battlefield. Chapter 48, Acts of 1904, effective March 9, 1904, North American Vexillological Association, "Maryland's Flag Has a Subtle Symbol of Confederate Sympathy", "Art Callaham: The nitty-gritty of Maryland's state flag - schurz-herald-mail", Good Flag, Bad Flag, and the Great NAVA Flag Survey of 2001, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Flag_of_Maryland&oldid=999545361, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The gold and black Calvert coat of arms and red and white Crossland coat of arms are featured in the seal of the town of, Some Maryland counties and municipalities have arms and/or flags incorporating various elements of the arms, including the, From 1986 to 2010, Maryland's standard issue, Beginning on September 9, 2008, the University of Maryland painted both end zones at, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 18:56. A flag incorporating alternating quadrants of the Calvert and Crossland colors began appearing at public events. Maryland’s flag is the only state flag in the United States that is designed based on English heraldry. A year later, in October 1889, the Fifth Regiment, Maryland National Guard, adopted a flag in this form as its regimental color. The design of the flag comes from the shield in the coat of arms of the Calvert family, the colonial proprietors of Maryland. The heraldic blazon is: Quarterly, 1st and 4th, paly of six Or and Sable, a bend counterchanged (for Calvert); 2nd and 3rd, quarterly argent and gules, a cross bottony counterchanged (for Crossland). Similar Images .  These banners were unofficial, and designs varied. So, here's the history: During Colonial rule, the black and gold pattern of the Calvert family coat of arms was an unofficial state symbol for Maryland. One of the original 13 states, it lies at the center of the Eastern Seaboard. 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